03 November 2013 --
Total Solar Eclipse
Sibiloi National Park - Lake Turkana, Kenya

Glenn Schneider
(Last update: 28 August 2013)

A Solar Eclipse of a Different "Flavor"!

The upcoming "hybrid" solar eclipse of 03 November 2013 begins at sunrise at 30° 26.8'N latitude, 71° 15.2'W longitude in the western Atlantic Ocean.  There, appx. 600 miles due east of the Florida coast at Jacksonville, as the Sun ascends the horizon in annular eclipse, the Moon will almost, but not fully, cover the solar disk (the lunar-to-solar angular diameter ratio there being "only" 0.999).  Only 15 seconds later, at a point appx 256 miles further ESE, the lunar umbral shadow will come crashing down on the Earth at nearly 4000 miles per hour.  There, a pencil-beam of darkness -- the Moon's umbral shadow -- will sweep over the horizon extending back into space ~ 240,000 miles toward the Moon.  It is there that the lunar umbra will first touch our planet's surface at 11:05:33 UT at Lat 29.279°N, 67.205°W, with the eclipse changing "flavor" from annular to total.

Centerline path of the 03 November 2013 A/T (aka "hybrid" eclipse).

Less than one in twenty central solar eclipses are of the (so-called)  "hybrid" type that manifest themselves as total along part of their central path, but as annular  elsewhere.  
At the point in space and time where such an eclipse changes from annular to total (or, in most cases also vice-versa), the long, conical, apex of the lunar umbral shadow just touches the surface of the Earth for an instant.  There (only) the  lunar and solar disks appear exactly the same angular diameter with the Sun then occulted in a stunningly spectacularly precise manner that has been witnessed by only a very fortunate few. 

Such was the case for the 03 October 1986 central solar eclipse, observed by only nine people, in transition between totality and annularity that defied conventional "definitions" of totality despite the brief (nearly instantaneous)
appearance of the solar corona.  Then, and there, only, with the solar photosphere extincted and the magnificent corona revealed as in a "normal" total solar eclipse, the lunar-occulted Sun stood surrounded by a very-nearly complete chromospheric ring -- punctuated for only seconds in time by a dynamic dance of "Baily's beads" around the lunar limb. This was not an "annular" (photospheric) eclipse of circumferential sunlight - but with a perfectly-fit ring of chromospheric ) scarlet thread of scarlet (hydrogen-alpha) light circumscribing the ashen lunar silhouette.

A "diamond tiara" of Baily's Beads dances around the lunar limb against a ring of crimson chromosphere as seen during HSE 1986 very near the A/T transition point. The appearance and prevalence of the Beads can be "tuned" by optimally and precisely locating observers  relative to this point.
HSE 2005, as planned for HSE 2013 was also observed from sea, but from within its zone of totality. There, an extended arc (but there not quite full ring) of chromosphere partially obscured by the lunar limb, was seen interior to the corona as shown in photos HERE. (Photo by William Widdon)

The most recent opportunity to have viewed such an event occurred on 08 March 2005 in the mid-Pacific Ocean, but no ship, aircraft, or other conveyance transported eclipse-observers to either of its two "A/T" (and "T/A") transition points.  From the few ships at sea on centerline, but falling short of these locations, an extended, greater than hemispheric, arc of chromosphere was seen during their relatively brief views of a glorious totality.  The next such opportunity arises on 03 November 2013, with a "hybrid" eclipse of a bit of a different flavor.

Most (> 92%)  of  "hybrid" central eclipses are of the "annular-total-annular" (ATA) type, where the Moon comes close enough to the Earth to give rise to a total eclipse in the mid-part of the eclipse track usually with the Sun highest in the sky, and transition points flanking the point of "greatest (total) eclipse.  I.e., along the central part of an ATA eclipse path, there exists  both  pre- and post- maximum-eclipse transitions to, and from, totality.
  Much more rarely, only one solar eclipse of every 450, gives rise to a bifurcated "annular-total" (AT) type beginning at sunrise on centerline as annular, and ending at sunset as total, with a only a single point along the track where the angular diameter of the Sun and Moon are perfectly matched (the inverse "total-annular" being equally rare).  The last such event was on 20 November 1854, but the next will happen soon -- on 03 November 2013 -- and then not again until 17 October 2179. 

The singular A/T transition for the 03 November 2013 eclipse occurs in the Atlantic Ocean, appx 220 nautical miles south-south-west of Bermuda, and thereafter  the central eclipse remains total. 
The path of totality of HSE 2013 extends from the A/T transition point across the Atlantic Ocean and traverses tropical/equatorial Africa from Gabon to Somalia. Maximum total eclipse will be appx 1m 39s in the eastern, equatorial, Atlantic Ocean south of Guinea.  For those who prioritize duration of totality over risks of cloud-obscuration and other eclipse phenomenon, the maximum total eclipse will be appx 1m 39s in the eastern, equatorial, Atlantic Ocean south of Guinea - and a few ships will be headed to that location).  Climate and cloud cover studies however, e.g., by Jay Anderson and others, along the path of totality across the Atlantic and Africa west of Uganda suggest poor to slim odds for viewing the eclipse due to cloud obscuration.  (See this trans-African November afternoon average cloud cover map compiled by Anderson from CIMMS/NOAO satellite measurements).  Landfall for the umbra occurs on the coast of Gabon where the duration of totality will be 1m 08s and declines across Africa to western Somalia where the Sun will set in a very brief ~ 1s duration totality at sunset.

On land, the best "chance" for viewing totality is  at the eastern extremity of the path of totality at sunset in Somalia and across the border in south-east Ethiopia.
The latter location could give an unprecedented view of a nearly perfectly "matched" lunar/solar angular diameter central solar eclipse on the horizon at sunset with the apex of the lunar umbral shadow lifting "up" into space at the instant of totality-- which would be a spectacular event to witness. Unfortunately, geo-politics precludes this possibility, of witnessing an eclipse entering T/A transition at sunset that also extends into the equally "challenging" Ogedan region of porously bordered eastern Ethiopia. Unfortunately, travel to Somalia (specifically for U.S. citizens, but others as well) is strongly contra-indicated by the U.S. State Department (see: http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/tw/tw_5736.html and while travel to Addis Ababa (out of the path of totality) and SW Ethiopia is much less "risky", travel to the SE Ogedan region of Ethiopia where cloud cover declines (with also duration of totality and solar elevation) is ill-advised at best*. (Those considering that, may wish to keep up with recent events here: http://www.ogaden.com/ )

* Somali Region (Eastern Ethiopia): Travel to Ethiopia's Somali region, and to the cities of Harar and Jijiga, is restricted {fr U.S. citizens} for U.S. government employees. Since the mid-1990's, members of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLY) have conducted attacks on civilian targets near the city of Harar and in the Somali regional state, particularly in the Ogaden zones. Expatriates have been killed in these attacks.

However, from "not too far" away (on astronomical scales!), in Northern Kenya just east of Lake Turkana in Sibiloi National Park, the width of the lunar umbra (center to edge) will have diminished to only 13 km.  Such a narrow shadow cone can give stunning views of its approach (with dependency on solar altitude, and sky conditions, e.g. see below). 

The visual aspect of the narrow lunar shadow conic 32 km wide from TSE 2002 framing the eclipsed Sun (here 4° above the horizon, TSE 2013 will be 12°) and stretching "back" as seen perspectively toward the Moon.  The apex of our  HSE 2013 shadow will converge at our location to half that width. potentially giving rise to an "inverse searchlight" beam of darkness sweeping over the horizon and enveloping eclipse watchers. (Photo by Carter Roberts)

the weather prospects for eclipse-viewing unobscured by cloud (and partially mitigated in residual with the logistically viable use of a light aircraft) is best from anywhere along the path of totality except in the travel-precluded zones at and near sunset, the mid-totality lunar/solar angular diameter ratio very closely approaching unity at mid-eclipse, but still giving rise to 11 seconds of Baily's-bead free totality.  It is from here, in Sibiloi National Park in northern Kenya, that we plan to observe TSE 2013 with the anticipated appearance of a chromospheric-ring totality and stunning low-altitude (12°) horizon illumination from the rapidly sweeping passage of the umbral shadow.

The Eclipse Site  – Location and Eclipse Circumstances

With cooperative weather, we will observe TSE 2013 from from Sibiloi National Park (SNP) in northern Kenya on the east side of Lake Turkana.


 We plan to observe from a location adjacent and very close (short walking distance) to the SNP aircraft landing strip. The airstrip is easy to "miss" on satellite photos, as its edges are marked only by stones.  The satellite photo below indicates the location and center (green arrow) of the airstrip corresponding to the geographic coordinates given here. 


Latitude: 3° 42' 18.87"N
Longitude: 36° 15' 42.39"E
Altitude: 1220 ft AMSL

Totality at Eclipse Site

UTC of Mid-Eclipse: 14:25:19.3
Limb-Corrected Duration: 11.1s
   Solar Altitude @ Mid-Eclipse: 11.9°

Local Circumstances at Eclipse Site
P.A. Contact
V.A. Contact
Contact 1
13:30:03.6 29.0° 250.3° 277° 200°
Contact 2
14:25:12.4 11.9° 253.6° 77° 354°
Maximum Eclipse
14:25:19.3 11.9° 253.6° ---- ----
Contact 3
14:25:23.4 11.8° 253.6° 186° 103°
Contact 4*
15:27:54.4 -2.3° ------ ------ ----
* Contact 4 occurs after sunset.  Sunset at 15:20 UTC:30 UTC


N.B.:  Kenya is on East Africa Time (EAT).  EAT = UTC + 3 hours.

For transport to/from SNP, we have chartered two Cessna Grand Caravan 208B aircraft (with cargo pod) from Boskovick Air Charters* for 13 passengers (in total).

One aircraft will carry seven passengers, and the other six passengers.

We will meet at Boskovic Air office at Wilson Airport, Nairobi at 6:30 AM EAT, for a wheels-up 7 AM EAT departure  directly to SNP arriving at about 10 AM EAT (cruise speed ~ 150 kts true air speed).

* Boskovick Air Charters Contact Information:
   P.O. BOX 45646 00100 GPO, NAIROBI, KENYA
   TEL:(254-20) 6006364,6006432,6001341,6000802,6000741,6002026.
   MOBILE CELL 0733 600208 OR 0722203852.
   FAX: (254-20) 6009619


We plan to observe the eclipse from the ground at SNP.
C1 occurs at 4:30 PM EAT and Totality at 5:25 PM EAT. So, we should have ample time (~ 6-1/2 hours margin without contingency before C1 & ~ 7-1/2 hours before totality) to set up after arrival on site at appx 10 AM EAT.

After totality we can elect to either return to Nairobi that night, or stay overnight at SNP and depart the next morning.
     • This is a decision we do not need to make in advance of the eclipse and we can keep this option open.
     • This decision can be separately made for each aircraft.
     • Note: In either case the aircrafts will be provisioned with supplies for a minimal "fly camp",
                 to enable an overnight stay in the event an overnight stay is required for any reason.

The aircraft can fly after sunset (6:20 PM EAT), but cannot take off from SNP after sunset.

Note that the sun sets in 12.3% magnitude partial eclipse at 6:20 PM EAT (~ 7.5 minutes prior to C4 that will not be seen from SNP).

If there is a desire to remain at the eclipse site to watch watch the Sun set in partial eclipse from the eclipse site, this will then require an overnight stay.

If we elect to return (one or both aircraft) that evening, we must pack up and be back in the aircraft prior to sunset with partial egress in progress:

     • To return to Nairobi on the evening of the eclipse, we have 55 minutes after totality to pack up and be on the aircraft.
     • Any longer time will necessitate a stay overnight.


While we intend to observe from the ground, the aircraft charter plans we have in place allow us some contingency against the possibility of low (< 12, 500 ft = appx 4 km AMSL) cloud cover, as an "backup" option, to observe from the air.  Not all (sunside) windows on the The Cessna Grand Caravan 208 B aircraft are useful for this purpose.  This is a high-wing aircraft, and in mid-cabin the high-wing would obscure the Sun at an altitude of ~ 12 degrees above the horizon.  Each aircraft could (from viewing-access considerations alone) accommodate a maximum of seven eclipse viewers utilizing a combination of four observers using an open top-half cargo door (on the left side of the aircraft) and up to three other sharing windows unobscured by the wing.  For this reason we (initially) constrained the charter to no more than seven passengers per aircraft.  This, serendipitously, played well into the operations plan given the aircraft endurance with payload weight without refueling.  By limiting the maximum number of passengers to seven in each aircraft, and then with 722 kg of total service payload weigh in each aircraft, it is possible to fly and return from Sibiloi NP with allowance for an additional up to 1 hour of flying time after return take-off without refueling to seek clear skies if needed to observe aloft.  This augmented endurance is enabled then by removing five (then unused) of twelve PAX seats (reducing further the aircraft gross weight).  With this, we have been watching our mass margins very carefully using actual passenger weights, estimates of personal gear weight, consumables (food, water, etc.), and "fly camp" weight and in combination, without pushing margins, can "comfortably" carry a total of thirteen passengers.  We will fly with this constraint, and configuration, to maintain a contingency capability to observe by air if the weather dictates.

FYI - I had previously analyzed, and summarized, the probabilities for circumstanes under which we might choose to elect the airborne-observation cloud contingency plan outlined below, given assumptions about the historical and prevaling weather patterns as described HERE.  In conclusion,  the following eclipse-observing "expectations" were inferred: 
  Expectation of seeing the eclipse from the ground: 65% +/- 15%
  Expectation of cloud-out with inability to fly: 6%
  Expectation of "need" to fly: 29%
  Expectation of seeing totality fron the air 12.5kft (in clear skies or optically thin clouds) = 70%

But please see the linked analysis for details and assumptions.

CLOUD CONTINGENCY #1  (CC #1) -- Low (< 12,500 ft AMSL) Cloud-Cover Over SNP:

If low cloud (that the aircraft can fly above) covers the area in and around SNP posing a high risk of obscuring totality, the aircraft can be used to observe the eclipse above such clouds.    The possibility of and option for a CC #1 flight has been baselined into the aircraft charter with allowance for up to one additional flying hour than the time required for a direct return from SNP to Nairobi.  A decision to exercise CC #1 must be made no later than appx 1/2 hour (TBD) before C2 with then an immediate take-off.

If a cloud-avoidance flight is invoked to observe totality, the aircraft will not return to SNP following totality, but will return to Wilson airport, Nairobi after observing totality.  Thus, all must be cognizant of the potential need for an immediate take-off (with planned ground equipment stowed), prior to a CC#1 take-off.

It is assumed that with a CC #1 scenario, the eclipse will be observed at 12, 500 ft AMSL - the highest altitude  that can be utilized.  The basic scenario for key part(s) of such a by-air observation flight plan ~ 12.5 kft are illustrated below.  The centerline track of the Moon's shadow at 12,500 ft (yellow dots) is shown in position increments of one second in UTC.  A point along this at-altitude track is chosen for a by-air mid-eclipse intercept, with the aircraft then flying to have the Sun directly out the left side windows (heading - solar azimuth plus 90 degrees).  The time-correlated approach to this point is worked "backwards" in time from this interception in time and position.  Here the point chosen for a mid-eclipse intercept on the 12,500 fr centerline track corresponds to a time of passage of the center of the lunar shadow  of 14h 25m 25s.  Other time-correlated points may be selected (or necessary for in situ cloud conditions).   This particular points favored because it represents a minimal additional flying distance from SNP,  and is on the east side of the park, so the aircraft will pose no line-of-sight issues for any observers on the ground at SNP observing the Sun to the west.

Prior to reaching this point of "mid-eclipse intercept" the aircraft would assume straight-and-level flight with the sun also straight out the left side of the aircraft (heading = solar azimuth angle plus 90 degrees).  We assume here, for this "totality run" final approach to the mid-eclipse intercept,  a ground speed (= airspeed with no wind) of 100 kts to reduce wind buffetting in the cabin with the cargo door open to provide for additional eclipse-viewing.  The aircraft would be in this "totality run" segment prior to mid eclipse for two minutes after completing a left turn onto that track. 

The aircraft must turn onto the "totality run" from a base leg (dotted line) at a time appropriate to enable the time-correlated mid eclipse intercept. Specific times are given for the specific set of assumptions illustrated, but in detail will depend upon specific in situ conditions and "tunable" parameters.  In particular the mid-eclipse intercept point chosen (which may be weather dependent), ground speed (wind dependent), and based on performance assumptions.  E.g. here we assume a basel leg ground speed of 125 kts (to allow for unfavorable winds w.r.t. nominal 150 kt cruise), and a turn ruadius/duration assuming a 20 degree bank.  These "tunable" details will be discussed with Boskovick Air Charters and well bounded before the eclipse.

The aircraft would take-off from SNP well-prior to C2 and ascend to (nominally) 12.5 kft and fly to a point to entry point into a"base leg" (dotted line).  That entry point will depend upon the take-off time - the earlier, the further west along the base leg.  The illustration shows where (and when) the aircraft must be on the base leg, for example, 12 and 6 minutes prior to initiating the turn onto the totality run.  The ground track of the base leg  is south of and parallel to the path of totality, a distance of 3.3 nm south of centerline for an aircraft ground speed of 125 kts in this specific example.  At the appropriate time to enable flying centrally through the lunar shadow as it passes over the aircraft, the aircraft will execute a left turn onto a "final approach" onto the "at altitude" totality run. 

The time-correlated location of the path of totality is dependent upon the altitude AMSL, Hence, adjustments to the specific case illustrated, with allowance for wind, etc. would be made if a different flight altitude were to be used.  In this illustration, the path of totality at sea level (darker region) is illustrated with its indicated-blue centerline.  The path itself shifts in position and time with altitude AMSL.  Here, the track of the center of the Moon's shadow track at 12,500 ft altitude at 12.5 kft in one second increments in UTC .  Note the track at 12.5 kft shifts slightly south with respect to sea level (about half a nautical mile), but also about 4 seconds in UTC - which is substantial (about 8 nautical miles) given the speed of the Moon's shadow. E.g., at 12,500 ft mid-eclipse intercept point shown here at 12h 25m 25s UTC, observers on the ground would be experience mid-eclipse at 12h 25m 21s UTC.

CLOUD CONTINGENCY #2  (CC #2) -- In Search of Clear Skies at > 12,500 ft AMSL

If cloud-tops > 12.5 kft pervade the area in the immediate region of SNP, we will use the appx 1 hr available additional flying time to reposition the aircraft to an alternate region along centerline where clear skies above may be found.  This, for operational reasons, is more likely to extend westward (toward and even over Uganda if necessary), then eastward (but not beyond the Ethiopian border).  It is conceivable to fly as far west as appx. Gulu, Ethiopia in an effort to find clear skies. A similar mid-eclipse intercept scenario as illustrated for CC #1 would be executed, but in the case of a recon leg to clear skies westward of SNP, the turn onto the totality run would be approached from the east, not the west. Post eclipse, however, refueling then may be necessary, but a landing in Uganda is not permissible/possible and choices are small in Kenya for a night-landing refueling.  Likely this would necessitate a landing in Eldorat.  In this case, with a return refueling stop, an additional cost of charter for each aircraft of ~ $1200 - $1400 USD is anticipated.

Aircraft Utilization: Mass (Weight) Considerations/Constraints

Due to a combination of aircraft operational and performance constraints, coupled with our requirements to maintain the ability to exercise cloud contingencies #1 and #2, each aircraft will have a maximum total payload weight allowable to us (exclusive of pilot, fuel, etc.), as noted above, of 722 kg (1592 lbs) on take-off from Nairobi, or a combined maximum weight for both airplanes together of 1444 kg (3183 lbs).

To assure compliance - with margin - passenger body weights plus personal effects, consumables, and common payloads is tracked based on information provided by all group participants.  This information for PAX body weight and personal effects is plotted below for the group's information ("anonymously"  using a passenger tracking number (assigned by me)).  Variances in these weight data will need to be reviewed for compliance prior to flight.  Our TOTAL allowance for each aircraft must also allow for the following...

Here is the estimated weight utilization current status, with weights in integral pounds, and my (on the side of caution) conservative estimations with some assumptions as previously reviewed by TAD (Boskovick). 

(1): As above, our max payload weight for each aircraft is 722 kg (1592 lbs), or a combined max weight of 1444 kg (3183 lbs).

(2): Below is a chart that shows, based on the information provided by all, your current body weights and est. of personal items (binoculars, cameras, other) you will take with you.  This was based on information that is several months stale.  Please review and let me know individually of any changes.  In the graph below passenger numbers are simply monotonic with body+payload weight for my tracking.  COMBINED, with the current 13 PAX load to be distributed between the two aircrafts totals 2678 lbs (1215 kg).

(3): Common Essential Payload* (combined both aircraft) not in (2) personal items:
(a) Water - I assume 1 gallon per person:    8.33 lbs/gal 
(b) Food (allowing for overnight):           3 lbs/person
(c) Basic Overnight Camp Gear:               8 lbs/person
Total per person common payload:            19.33 lbs
x 13 persons                                251.3 lbs (115.0 kg)
(4): With (2) and (3) we currently have a total payload weight for both aircrafts combined of 2929 lbs.

(5): With the above we currently have a total two-aircraft margin of 3183 lbs - 2710 lbs = 253 lbs (136.5 lbs per aircraft, without contingency), i. e., an ~ 8% mass-budget margin with zero reserve.

(5) The above 8% mass margin, if fully consumed with no reserve could allow up to an additional 18 lbs of personal gear per passener and/or (within that allocation) additional common cargo.  TAD has affirmed of the ability to shift cargo (personal and common payload) and weight between the two aircraft to balance out the individual weights not to exceed 1422 lbs each.  Thus, some additional "gear" for individuals beyond the current self-indicated needs as whown in the figure above (item 2) is possivel - but see item 6.

(6) I stongly suggest we not a priori plan for zero reserve, but on/after arrival in Kenya plan for a 5% reserve to be utilized as for supplemental supplies as  we may find necessary.

Thus (as of 28 August 2013) if anyone finds a need to increase their individual personal effects weight by a small amount, please let me know.  This likely could be to some extent accomodated, but I am keeping track of our mass budget to the closest kilogram.

The "Group"

This is not a commercial venture or "tour", simply a group of like-minded, die-hard, eclipse chasers who have come together with common interest and priorities for observing TSE 2013.  The group (following the "instigator at large, in alphabetical order) consists of 13 people as follows:

Glenn Schneider     gschneider@as.arizona.edu
Catalin Beldea      catalin@astrofoto.ro
Rick Brown          kidinvs@aol.com
Charles Cooper      rainbows.at.rpi.dot
Rowland Burley :-)  itsrab@netvigator.com
Jay Friedland       j@cinemagic.com
Benno Friedland     (Jay's son)
Stephen Kolodny     Kolodny@Kolodny-Anteau.com
Dan McGlaun         dan@mcglaun.com
Joel Moskowitz      eclipseshooter.joelmoskowitz@verizon.net
Matthew Poulton     mpoulton@hotmail.com
Bob Pine            bobpine@aol.com
Craig Small         eclipseman1@optonline.net

Pre(/Post) Lodging in Nairobi

For logistical ease (and camaraderie), though we each have different international arrival and departure schedules, there is benefit to us all to be co-loacated at the same hotel while in Nairobi.  The suggested hotel that several of us are now booking at is the Kenya Comfort Hotel SUITES which is conveniently located in proximity (in a safe area) and easy access to both the downtown area and the Wilson airport.  Thier web site is here:


Rick Brown has kindly arranged for a block of rooms for out "group" for those who may want them (at a 10% discount).  So please contact Rick (
kidinvs@aol.com before (or rather than) booking individually directly with the hotel.  Please note this is for the Kenya Comfort Hotel SUITES and not the Kenya Comfort Hotel (this is inverted from the original idea) that is a different facility at a different location (but found on the same web site).

Post Eclipse Safari

Entirely SEPARATE from eclipse plans, several (currently five) in this group have booked an all-inclusive 4-day/3-night by-road game-drive safari to Lake Naruku and Massa Mara leaving Nairobi with Go Kenya Tours & Safaris - a locally well-reputed safari tour operator:


(The company and its safari products have very favorable reviews on Trip Advisor). This particular safari is described on their web site here:


Arrangements have been made for a departure (hotel pickup) early AM on November 5, and return late afternoon November 8 (hotel and/or airport drop off).

Note: They earlier responded to an inquiry I had made with some additional details that is reproduced verbatim below.
The cost of this, fully inclusive of meals, lodging, vehicle, driver, etc. (see details) is $900 pp. 

If any others are interested please let me know.

Dear Glenn,

Thank you very much for your email and information ... As per  your details we have availability as per your indicated Dates {5 Nov - 8 Nov}.

This trip would be a private safari with a private safari vehicle and a private driver guide for the entire Trip. Price for this trip depends on Level of accommodations and the Price indicated was for the year 2012 below is the Updated Rates;

Pricing Depends on the level of accommodations as shown Below.
Itinerary at a Glance
Day 1: Nairobi – Lake Nakuru National Park.
Day 2: Nakuru - Maasai Mara Game Reserve
Day 3: Maasai Mara Game Reserve
Day 4: Maasai Mara Game – Nairobi
Detailed Itinerary
Day 1:Nairobi – Lake Nakuru National Park
This morning after breakfast proceed to Lake Nakuru National Park also known as the greatest ornithological spectacle in the world. Arrive at Lake Nakuru National Park with a game drive enroute to your booked lodge or Camp in time for lunch. After lunch proceed for afternoon game-drive. Dinner & Overnight at Lodge (L,D)
Day 2:Lake Nakuru- Masai Mara
After an early breakfast drive to the world famous Masai Mara Game Reserve arriving in time for lunch with a short game drive enroute to your booked camp or Lodge, upon arrival check in and have Lunch. Enjoy a late afternoon game-drive in one of the world’s finest game reserves. Dinner & Overnight at Lodge or Camp (B, L, D)
Day 3:Full day Maasai Mara
Full day in Maasai Mara with the option of an early morning Balloon. Ride followed by Champagne Breakfast (Extra Cost) or early morning game drive in search of the great predators. On the plains are enormous herds of grazing animals plus the elusive Cheetah and leopard hiding amidst acacia tress. Afternoon at leisure followed by an evening game drive. Optional visit to a village of the Maasai people (extra cost) to witness the singing and dancing that are part of their daily lives and sacred rituals. Dinner & Overnight at Lodge or Camp (B, L, D)
Day 4:Maasai Mara – Nairobi
Early morning game drive followed by breakfast then time to say goodbye to Maasai Mara and proceed back to Nairobi arriving in the afternoon. lunch at Carnivore Restaurant before drove off at the Nairobi City hotel or Airport.
Price Depends on The Level of Accommodation.
Option 1: LUXURY
2 nights at Ashnil Masai Mara / Sarova Masai Mara
1 night at Lake Nakuru sarova Lion Hill.
Package Price Per Person USD $ 1320.
Option 2: ECONOMY
2 Nights at Sopa Masai Mara Lodge/ Ol Moran Luxury Tented Camp
1 Night at Lake Nakuru Lodge/ Flamingo
Package Price Per Person USd $ 900
Price Includes;
-Airport Transfers.
-Rescue Insurance (AAR)
-Full board accommodation whilst on safari on five Star Lodges and Camps
-Meal plan as described, B=Breakfast, L=Lunch and D=Dinner.
-Accommodation in double room sharing.
-All park entrance fees to include government taxes and service of an
-English speaking professional driver/guide.
-3 game drives Per Day.
-1 Liter of Recommended Mineral water Per Person Per Day.
-Exclusive transport in a safari tour mini bus 4 x 4 with a game viewing roof hatch and UHF radio.
Price Does Not Include;
-Items of a personal nature.
Recommended you carry;
Warm Clothing.
Chargers for your Cameras or Phones.
Swimming Costumes.
Comfortable non Light colored Clothing for Game drives. Example avoid white clothing.
To secure the booking we request the following;
Full Names of Travellers;
Dates we Know its 5- 8:
Inform us where we will pick you up.

Finaly a deposit of 30% is required to Confirm the Booking , This amount Goes to paying your accommodations.

Below is our company accounts;
USD $ Account
Account Name: To Go Kenya Tours and Safaris
Bank: Barclay's Bank of Kenya
Branch: Bamburi Mombasa
Account Number: 2022688378
Barclay Bank Kenya
Bank Code is - 03
Branch Code is 128

Company Physical address
To Go Kenya Tours and Safaris
Mombasa Road
Vision Plaza, 3rd Floor Suite 10A.
Nairobi Kenya

Visa Requirements

If you haven't found it yet, Kenya tourist visa requirments and an application form for U.S. Citizens (others please inquire with the Kenyan representatives for your countries) may be found here:


Health Recommendations

Please see (and heed!) the latest advise regarding Travel Health recommendations (vacinations, preventatives, etc.) from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention at: